Instruction for nature tourists

Before going on a nature walk please read the following recommendations that help you better prepare your trip and preserve the environment.

  • Plan and prepare your walk carefully
  • Observe restrictions and the principles of freedom to roam
  • Leave no trace when walking or camping
  • Make fire responsibly
  • Clean up all your trash  
  • Wash yourself and the dishes on dry land

Plan and prepare your walk carefully: 

Map and compass

  • Walk along existing hiking trails, because trampling causes impacts to the environment.
  • Try to avoid using vehicles that drive on fossil fuels. In case of long hikes opt for public rail or bus service. If you drive a car, try to use one for several people.
  • Hiking equipment can also be rented or borrowed, there is no need to buy everything.
  • Package your food in reusable containers and bags. This way you can reduce generating waste when hiking.

Observe restrictions and the principles of freedom to roam:

  • Find out about the instructions and restrictions for the area. Observe the instructions and restrictions.
  • Freedom to roam or everyman’s right means the right to freely wander in the wilderness on the land of all landowners, unless that results in improper action or disorder.
  • Note that the freedom to roam and other rights are restricted in nature reserves and hiking areas, calm traffic areas, fields and plantations and, according to the decision of authorities, also in some other areas.
  • Elsewhere you are entitled to walk, observing the freedom to roam, in case you do not do anything wrong or cause disorder.
  • Keep your dog (or other pet) – even if it is well-trained – on leash when walking on natural landscape or hiking trails.

Leave no trace when walking or camping:

  • Use designated hiking trails and paths, so as not to cause erosion of landscape.
  • Set up a camp in a designated place. If there is no such place in the vicinity, opt for one that has been used as a campsite before. Avoid sites with lichen-covered and vulnerable soil.
  • Try your best not to leave any trace of you at the campsite.
  • Walk in the wilderness with respect – do not make excessive noise or disturb animals.

Make fire responsibly:


  • Check if going into the forest is not prohibited due to fire hazard. Call the Rescue Board information telephone 1524 or ask the nearest RMK information point for information.
  • If it is allowed to go into the forest, remember that the higher is the fire hazard index, the higher is fire hazard and the more care you need to exercise when making fire. Information on fire hazard indexes is available online at the website of Estonian Weather Service.
  • Remember that making campfire and camping is allowed in specially prepared and designated places only.
  • When making fire, prefer an outdoor fireplace (with chimney) and follow all instructions. In case the fire hazard index is five, i.e. the highest, it is advisable to avoid making fire.
  • Prepared campfire sites are public sites, so please respect and tolerate other users.
  • Use provided firewood or fallen branches for making fire. Also combustible organic waste can be burnt in the fire.
  • Keep the fire properly burning, but as small as possible.
  • Use a portable grill only in prepared and designated campfire sites. Pour used charcoals into the fire ring.
  • Be alert and never leave the fire unsupervised. Extinguish the fire properly before leaving.
  • Do not smoke in the forest! Smoking is allowed in prepared and designated campfire sites only.
  • In the case of forest fire, call 112.

Clean up all your trash:

Trash by the road

  • All that you can carry into the forest, you can also carry out. This way waste management will cause less impact on the environment, makes less noise and leaves less trace than using waste removal machinery.
  • If you do not take your trash away with you, put organic waste (tea bags, coffee grounds, food remains) in the nearest waste bin.
  • Burn combustible waste in the fire ring, but refrain from doing so in a period of fire hazard. Do not burn packages containing aluminium foil or plastic.
  • Use toilet paper sparingly.

Wash yourself and the dishes on dry land:

  • Collect used dishwater into a container and drain it into the ground after washing. This way water-bodies are not polluted.
  • When washing yourself, do the same.
  • Consider carefully whether you need to use detergent/wash-up liquid. Usually, water is enough.

Thank you for being environmentally aware!